Amendment Proposal 1 – Federal Spending

Section 1. The power of Congress to tax and spend is exclusively limited to the fulfillment of its enumerated powers. Nothing in the General Welfare Clause shall be construed to give Congress the power to tax and spend for any subject matter within the jurisdictional competence of the several states. Section 2. Members of state legislatures shall have standing to file any claim alleging violation of this amendment.

Amendment Proposal 2 – Federal Taxing

Section 1. All federal taxes, excises, and fees shall be void three years from the date of the ratification of this article unless otherwise repealed and replaced as specified herein. Section 2. No tax, excise, or fee shall be imposed by Congress except upon the vote of sixty percent of the total membership of both houses of Congress. Section 3. Members of state legislatures shall have standing to file any claim alleging violation of this amendment.

Amendment Proposal 3 – Balanced Budget Amendment

Section 1. No money may be expended by the United States except as authorized by a balanced budget approved as specified herein. Section 2. For the purposes of this article, money shall be deemed to be expended either by a cash outlay or by incurring an obligation, even if that obligation is contingent in nature. Section 3. The maximum amount which may be budgeted for expenditure shall be the amount actually collected by the United States for these purposes on a basis of an average of the last three fiscal years. Section 4. Congress may enact a temporary exception to this requirement under the following conditions: if the United States is engaged in a war which has been declared by Congress as specified in Article I, then by a majority of the full membership of both houses of Congress; otherwise, upon a national emergency as declared by a seventy-five percent majority vote of the full membership of both houses of Congress. Provided however, that if Congress votes to declare an emergency for three consecutive budgets then all members of Congress shall be permanently ineligible to seek re-election to either house of Congress at the end of their individual current term of service.

Amendment Proposal 4 – Federal Jurisdiction Over Commerce

Section 1. The power of Congress to regulate commerce among the several states shall be limited to the regulation of the shipment, transportation, or other movement of goods, articles or persons. Congress may not regulate activity solely because it affects commerce among the several states. Section 2. Members of state legislatures shall have standing to file any claim alleging violation of this amendment.

Amendment Proposal 5 – Executive Orders and Regulations

Section 1. Neither the president nor any executive agency of any description whatsoever shall have the authority to make a rule, regulation, or order that is binding on any private person or entity. This shall not be construed to apply to any rule, regulation, or order that, in its essence, concerns the internal operations of government even if incidentally applicable to a private person or entity. Section 2. Members of state legislatures shall have standing to file any claim alleging violation of this amendment.

Amendment Proposal 6 – Vacating Decisions of the Supreme Court

Section 1. Any decision of the Supreme Court may be vacated by a resolution passed by the legislatures of three-fifths of the several states or by three-fifths of both houses of Congress. No state legislative resolution older than five years shall be counted to aggregate the necessary number. Section 2. A decision that is vacated within six months of the date of the entry of the judgment shall result in a vacation of the judgment itself. Otherwise, a decision vacated as provided herein shall not disturb the judgment as between the named parties.

Amendment Proposal 7 – Preserving American Sovereignty

Section 1. A treaty is an international agreement executed by the United States in written form and governed by international law, whether embodied in a single instrument or in two or more related instruments and whatever its particular designation. Section 2. No treaty may be adopted by the United States except by the ratification of two-thirds of the full membership of the United States Senate or, when applicable, the process specified in Section 3 of this Article. Section 3. Any treaty which primarily obligates the United States respecting its relationship to its own citizens and residents shall be ratified in a two-step process requiring a two-thirds vote of both houses of Congress followed by approving resolutions by the legislatures of three-fourths of the several states. All such approvals shall be completed not later than five years after the date upon which the United States executed the relevant treaty.

Amendment 8 – Appointment and Term Limits for Justices of the Supreme Court

Section 1. The Supreme Court of the United States shall be composed of thirteen justices appointed in the manner specified in this article. Section 2. The first class of justices appointed herein shall consist of seven justices appointed for a six-year term and six justices appointed for a four-year term. At the expiration of these initial terms, either six or seven justices shall be appointed every two years for a four-year term to maintain a composition of thirteen justices. No justice shall be reappointed to fill a second term. A state may fill a vacancy occurring if its appointed justice is unable or unwilling to serve or is removed by impeachment. Section 3. Justices shall be appointed by the several states by a method determined by state law. Each state shall appoint one justice for one term in rotational order. The order of appointment shall be determined by the order of ratification of this amendment by the several states. After three-fourths of the several states have ratified this amendment, the remaining states shall then follow in alphabetical order. Section 4. This article shall take effect on the July 1 after the date of ratification, provided that the ratification takes place at least six months before July 1. Otherwise, the effective date shall be on the following July 1. All justices serving on the effective date shall be retired from active service and shall have all the rights and privileges of a senior federal judge as established by law.

Amendment 9 – Term Limits

No person shall serve in either or both houses of Congress for more than twelve years. No federal judge shall serve at any level of federal judicial service for more than fifteen years, nor at any one level of service for more than ten years.